Climate variability and ecosystem response at long-term ecological research sites



Publisher: Oxford University Press in New York

Written in English
Published: Pages: 459 Downloads: 268
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Subjects:

  • Bioclimatology,
  • Ecology -- Research,
  • Climatic changes

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index

Statementedited by David Greenland, Douglas G. Goodin, Raymond C. Smith
SeriesLong-Term Ecological Research Network series
ContributionsGreenland, David, 1940-, Goodin, Douglas G., Smith, R. C. 1934-
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQH543 .C578 2003
The Physical Object
Paginationxvii, 459 p. :
Number of Pages459
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17094135M
ISBN 100195150597
LC Control Number2002033393

Long-term studies in the WAP provide the rare opportunity to integrate time-series data related to the physical environment, biology, and paleoecology of the Antarctic marine ecosystem. These data reveal that ecological responses have occurred over the past years in association with well-documented climate changes in the WAP region. Although they are less numerous than, for example, the USGS reference sites used in studies of climate change (e.g., Poff et al. ), LTER study sites provide unique insights into the interacting effects of social systems, ecosystems, and climate change on common with all ecosystems on Earth, the study basins have a long history of natural disturbances and human impacts. External Drivers of Change. We track long-term changes in external drivers such as climate change, sea level rise, and human alterations of the landscape and to statistically characterize these external drivers in terms of long-term trends, spatio-temporal variability, and occurrence of extreme events (e.g., storms, droughts) so that we can investigate the links between external drivers. This variability results from short‐ and long‐term dynamics of biotic and abiotic origin, inclusive of multiannual variability and long‐term trends. Although understanding short‐term variability and forecasting directional change are important research efforts, far less attention has been paid to oscillatory, or wave‐like dynamics.

The Niwot Ridge Long-Term Ecological Research Program Tipping Points in High-Elevation Ecosystems in Response to Changes in Climate and Atmospheric Deposition. NSF Org: DEB educational program development that includes a children's book series and K teacher training, and public outreach. Climate variability in the North Central Region: Characterizing drought severity patterns. In Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long Term Ecological Research Sites. D. Greenland, D. Goodin. and R. Smith Eds. Oxford Univ. Press. Gage, S. H., J. Gosz, and W. Michener. Site to regional scaling. Pages in Scaleable. Climate and ecosystem services data collected between and from ten tidal marshes of the Georgia Coastal Ecosystem Long Term Ecological Research site indicate that freshwater, especially river discharge, enhances ecosystem services pertaining to macrophyte productivity & biodiversity and waste treatment (e.g. sediment deposition. Long-term Ecological Research (LTER) Program. Much of our work is performed at these sites, the Konza Prairie LTER and the Shortgrass Steppe Konza Prairie LTER Program is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary program designed to address long-term research questions relevant to tallgrass prairie ecosystems, and the science of ecology in general.

Welcome to the Arctic Long Term Ecological Research (ARC LTER) site, part of a network of sites established by the National Science Foundation to support long-term ecological research in the United States. Our research site is located in the foothills region of the Brooks Range, North Slope of Alaska (68° 38'N ° 'W elevation m) and is based out of the University of Alaska's Toolik. Overall ecosystem response resulted from the aggregated response of individual plant functional types. Perennial grasses showed a negative response while shrubs increased productivity with precipitation variability. Opposite responses of different plant types suggested a potential plant-community composition change with unforeseen consequences. The Georgia Coastal Ecosystems Long Term Ecological Research (GCE-LTER) site is located on the central Georgia coast of the Southeastern United States. The primary study area encompasses the estuaries, sounds and marsh complexes surrounding Sapelo Island (° N Lat, ° W Lon). With growing concern about climate change in the s, analysis of long-term records and effects of mountain topography on ecosystem response to climate variability took center stage. Research. The Andrews Forest Program has many components and is supported by a .

Climate variability and ecosystem response at long-term ecological research sites Download PDF EPUB FB2

The LTER sites hold some of the best available data measuring long term impacts and changes in the environment, and the research done at these sites has not previously been made widely available to the broader climate change research community.

This book should appeal reasonably widely outside the ecological community, and because it pulls. Climate variability and ecosystem response at long-term ecological research sites book   : Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites (Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series) (): Greenland, David, Goodin, Douglas G., Smith, Raymond C.: Books.

This volume in the Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series would present the work that has been done and the understanding and database that have been developed by work on climate change done at all the LTER sites.

Global climate change is a central issue facing the world, which is being worked on by a very large number of scientists across a wide range of fields.

Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites (Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series) [Hardcover] Greenland, David; Goodin, Douglas G. and Smith, Raymond C. ISBN ISBN CLIMATE VARIABiliTY AND ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE AT lONG-TERM ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH SITES Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at the H.

Andrews Long-Term Ecological Research Site Edited by David Greenland Douglas G. Goodin Raymond C. Smith David Greenland Frederick Bierlmaier Mark Harmon Julia Jones Arthur McKee Joseph Means Frederick. ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xvii, pages: illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.

Contents: An introduction to climate variability and ecosystem response / David Greenland [and others] --I. SHORT-TERM CLIMATE EVENTS --Hurricane impacts in New England and Puerto Rico / Emery R. Boose --Drought impacts on tree growth and mortality of.

Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites (Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series) - Kindle edition by Greenland, David, Goodin, Douglas G., Smith, Raymond C.

Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response Manufacturer: Oxford University Press.

Climate variability and ecosystem response at long-term ecological research sites. [David Greenland; Douglas G Goodin; R C Smith;] -- Presents the work that has been done and the understanding and database that have been developed by work on climate change done at the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites.

This book pulls. The regularities of our planet’s climate determine a large part of the form and function of Earth’s ecosystems. The frequently nonlinear operation of the atmosphere gives rise to a rich complexity of variability superimposed on the fundamental regularities.

A traditional definition of climate is “the long-term state of the atmosphere encompassing the aggregate effect of weather phenomena. This volume (Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Sites), in the Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series would present the work that has been done and the understanding and database that have been developed by work on climate change done at all the LTER sites.

Global climate change is a central issue facing the world, which is. At the outset we identified the theme of this book as how ecosystems respond to climate variability.

We have examined this theme at a variety of LTER sites and at a variety of timescales. The subject matter of the book was also to be focused on a series of framework questions.

We noted that the theme of climate variability and ecosystem response is inherently deterministic and implicitly. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Long-Term Ecological Research Network Ser.: Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites (, Hardcover) at the best online prices at eBay.

Free shipping for many products. Get this from a library. Climate variability and ecosystem response: proceedings of a long-term ecological research workshop, Niwot Ridge/Green Lakes Valley LTER site, Mountain Research Station, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, August[David Greenland; Lloyd W Swift; Southeastern Forest Experiment Station (Asheville, N.C.)].

Prospectus for a proposed book entitled Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Sites. Editors: David Greenland, Andrew Fountain, Douglas Goodin, Glenn Juday, Berry Lyons, Raymond Smith.

Aug Background Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response was the title of both a monograph published by the. Studies were conducted at six Long Term Ecological Research sites within the US, including New England, the Appalachian Mountains, Colorado, Michigan, Kansas, and Arizona.

While each site has its own unique agricultural history, patterns emerge that help make sense of how our actions have affected the earth, and how the earth pushes back.

The Antarctic Peninsula, a relatively long, narrow extension of the Antarctic continent, defines a strong climatic gradient between the cold, dry continental regime to its south and the warm, moist maritime regime to its north. The potential for these contrasting climate regimes to shift in dominance from season to season and year to year creates a highly variable environment that is sensitive.

and compared climates of the first 11 sites, and raised important issues regarding climate variability and ecosystem response. The Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Program, sponsored by the National Science Foundation, contains 18 sites in a variety of ecosystems.

Climate is studied within and between individual sites. This brief review. The Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network is the largest and longest-lived ecological network in the United States. Designed to provide long-term data from a broad range of key ecosystems.

Table 1. long-Term Ecological Research Sites FRAMEWORK FOR INVESTIGATING CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE We must first recognize that there are several types of climate variability. The principal types according to Karl () are as follows: (1) a trend is a smooth.

Brazel, A. and A. Ellis. The climate of central Arizona and Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research site (CAP LTER) and links to ENSO. In: Greenland, D., D. Goodwin and R. Smith eds., Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-term Ecological Research Sites.

Oxford University Press. Oxford. A major reorganization of the North‐east Pacific biota transpired following a climatic `regime shift' in the mid s. In this paper, we characterize the effects of interdecadal climate forcing on.

How, where, and why carbon (C) moves into and out of an ecosystem through time are long‐standing questions in biogeochemistry. Here, we bring together hundreds of thousands of C‐cycle observations at the Harvard Forest in central Massachusetts, USA, a mid‐latitude landscape dominated by 80–‐yr‐old closed‐canopy forests.

The Central Arizona and Phoenix LTER (CAP LTER) is one of two urban LTERs in the world network (Grimm et al. ; see ). Many LTER sites. What is the observed relationship between species richness and productivity. Ecology Milne, B.T., et al. Multidecadal drought cycles in South-central New Mexico: Patterns and Consequences, In: D.

Greenland, D. Goodin, R. Smith editor(s). Climate Variabililty and Ecosystem Response at Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Sites. This application of gradient studies across domains – to investigate ecological response to climate change – allows for the quantification of effects on potentially numerous, interacting and complex ecosystem components and how they may vary.

Climate variability and ecosystem response are best understood by long-term monitoring. The National Science Foundation currently supports Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites in Antarctica at Palmer Station (PAL) on the western coast of the Antarctic Peninsula and in the McMurdo Dry Valleys (MCM) of Southern Victoria Land.

The U.S. Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) program recently completed a major study on climate variability and ecosystem response at the (then) 24 LTER study sites. Most of the study sites are in natural ecosystems.

Several recurrent principles emerged from this study. Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites and Publisher Oxford University Press. Save up to 80% by choosing the eTextbook option for ISBN:The print version of this textbook is ISBN:High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate is based on data collected during the past 10 years by Zackenberg Ecological Research Operations (ZERO) at Zackenberg Research Station in Northeast volume covers the function of Arctic ecosystems based on the most comprehensive long-term data set in the world from a well-defined Arctic ecosystem.

Ecological vulnerability and species response to climate variability and change Climate change is expected to cause stressful environmental conditions for the majority of global biodiversity in the coming decades, and there is concern that many species will not be able to keep pace with direct and indirect impacts (Loarie et al., ).

The initial KNZ research program focused on comparative investigations of ecological responses to fire and climatic variability. Long-term research sites and sampling protocols were established during this period with an emphasis on studies of the extremes of annually burned vs.

unburned watersheds and upland vs. lowland sites. There is now ample evidence of the ecological impacts of recent climate change, from polar terrestrial to tropical marine environments.

The responses of both flora and fauna span an array of.Recent research in agricultural ecosystems suggests that winter climate changes may result in reduced soil C levels and ecosystem C sequestration (Senthilkumar et al.

). At the Kellogg Biological Station Long Term Ecological Research site in southwest Michigan, decreases in total soil C were observed in a wide range of agricultural.